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Wayne Bachmann

All Patriots get tuned in to the call on Sunday night. SUFYR (Stand Up for Your Rights)

6:00 PM Pacific Time, 7:00 PM Mountain.
















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Lisa Sundloff Bundy

May 13 ·



Good afternoon friends,

I have a small request. I just spoke with Ammon Bundy and he asked me if I thought the message was still Moving forward. I responded with, of course, why? He said that he has not received very many letters and he was worried that they were all getting forgotten.

Friends, will you please take a moment and write Ammon and/or our other political prisoner friends and let them know they aren’t forgotten. It was a difficult conversation to hear him so discouraged. Share your stories or send a spiritual message to them about how they have seen the tender mercies of our Heavenly Father.

Those of you that we have been close friends for A LONG TIME….would you mind writing him and sharing with him how he impacted them in their lives or their children. We all know how amazing Ammon is and I cannot stand to see his faith falter so heavily.

Thanks for all you are dong. It is not going unnoticed. Thank you😊

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Earlier in 2016


























































    1. Where have you worked in the past?

      Use details from your About section as your bio
      i have had a head injury since 1990, very spiritual, i wish but not perfect, i’m just a girl on fire for our Lord, hoping America survives a bozo, doing all i can to help, mainly by stayn’ in prayer….



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Today marks the 72 anniversary when courageous soldiers first stepped foot on France’s beaches and set off the beginning of the end of Nazi Germany’s reign of terror. Over 4,400 lay dead along with thousands more injured on the beaches when the smoke cleared. Blood of the many consumed the coastal waters. These brave men faught, died and contributed to saving millions of innocent human beings from pure evil. Jews, the disabled, gays, gypsies and any other persons the Nazis considered “undesirable” were saved because of the selfless service of honorable servicemen. I’ve seen the pathetic media give about 60 seconds of airtime and rememberance this morning for these men. Mr. Cassius Clay has gotten segment after segment, minute after minute of airtime today. I don’t know about you, but I see something very wrong with this. These young veterans didn’t get the chance to live their lives and have the opportunity to become great boxers and come up with cute little slogans or anything else for that matter. They didn’t tuck tail and run when their country asked them to answer the call. Instead they stared death in the face and faught to liberate the world. It’s a real shame that we put the “famous” on a higher pedestal than the ones who didn’t get the chance to become famous because they died to keep us free instead. Real shame. Fuckin unappreciative country makes me sick and disheartened at times. It really does.

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Carmen Godinez

Carmen Godinez My dear friends, FB keeps attacking me, they just crashed my page (and they just did it again) while I was trying to see your comments… Damn libtards!

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Carmen Godinez

Carmen Godinez Guys… the exchange keeps getting more and more interesting, but I need to respond to an urgent need… My little dog Rufino needs to be fed… By the way, he is not spoiled rotten, he gets to be hand fed and he is already 4 years old!

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Marline Carpenter

Marline Carpenter This made me cry. I love America. I married a soldier. When Bush sent troops into Iraq I cried like a baby. After Viet Nahm. I could not believe they would do it again and here we are. Obama is doing his best to kill America. Sorry Dude you will be shocked what real Americans will do. You are not from here. You don’t have a clue what this country means to US. VOTE TRUMP. WE NEED THE NUMBERS TO REFLECT THE MASSES.

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Sheila Akros

Sheila Akros Bernie Sanders says he wants to be the Commander in Chief this makes me sad. He was a conscientious objector he said that he could not fight a war he did not believe in. I’m quite sure that most of the men we went to Vietnam did not “believe in” the See More

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Heart of Texas

Houston takes action on schools named for Confederate leaders.
The governing board of the biggest school district in Texas has voted to rename seven schools previously named for Confederate leaders.

The Houston school district board voted Thursday to strip the schools of the names of Confederate Generals Robert E. Lee, Albert Sidney Johnston and Stonewall Jackson; Confederate President Jefferson Davis; Confederate Postmaster General John H. Reagan; Sabine Pass commander Dick Dowling and Southern dialect author and Confederate veteran Sidney Lanier.

What_a_f***g_disgrace! The governing board? More like a bunch of ignorant liberals! People who have no respect towards American history shouldn’t be deciding on schools names.
When it embarked on the renaming process, the district said it wanted names to represent its modern values and diversity, in accordance with its non-discrimination policies. Okay, guess forgetting our history and spitting on it is now equal to “modern values and diversity”. Smh

South will rise again. We won’t tolerate treason and we’ll do the very best we can to fight liberal plague or to simple secede from the failed state America has turned into

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Think you know all there is about WWII? Think again!















Cindy Wisner

Cindy Wisner oops should be history baby

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The Fighting Filipinos: Give me ten thousand Filipinos and I shall conquer the world! – MacArthur .cantembedplus {
} &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;img src=”https://sb.scorecardresearch.com/p?c1=2&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;c2=21157611&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;cv=2.0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;cj=1&#8243; /&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt; &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;img height=”1″ width=”1″ style=”display:none” src=”https://www.facebook.com/tr?id=808569529203838&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ev=PageView&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;noscript=1&#8243; /&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;<!– [if lt IE 9]>https://html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js<![endif]–>

By Colin Fraser for War History OnlineThe Fighting Filipinos: Give me ten thousand Filipinos and I shall conquer the world! – MacArthur .cantembedplus {
} &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;img src=”https://sb.scorecardresearch.com/p?c1=2&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;c2=21157611&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;cv=2.0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;cj=1&#8243; /&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt; &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;img height=”1″ width=”1″ style=”display:none” src=”https://www.facebook.com/tr?id=808569529203838&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ev=PageView&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;noscript=1&#8243; /&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;<!– [if lt IE 9]>https://html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js<![endif]–>

Did the Japanese really conquer the Philippines? Well, they certainly beat the American and Philippine professional forces and toppled the government. But by the time General Douglas MacArthur landed American troops to retake the Philippines from the Japanese in October 1944, the Japanese Imperial forces only controlled 12 of the 48 provinces in the archipelago.

The Fighting Filipinos: Give me ten thousand Filipinos and I shall conquer the world! – MacArthur .cantembedplus {
} &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;img src=”https://sb.scorecardresearch.com/p?c1=2&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;c2=21157611&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;cv=2.0&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;cj=1&#8243; /&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt; &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;lt;img height=”1″ width=”1″ style=”display:none” src=”https://www.facebook.com/tr?id=808569529203838&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;ev=PageView&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;noscript=1&#8243; /&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;gt;<!– [if lt IE 9]>https://html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js<![endif]–>

After the surrender of the Philippines to the Japanese in May, 1942, a vast array of guerrilla forces sprang up to fight the occupiers. U.S. and Filipino officers and soldiers, local leaders and citizens across the major islands, North to South, lead groups ranging from just a hundred or so to thousands of resistance fighters. MacArthur was in awe of their success and the tactics learned from the fierce native fighters of the Philippines have influenced the U.S. military to this day.Some of the first guerrilla fighters to organize during the Japanese invasion were called the Hunters ROTC. Cadets of the Philippine Military Academy, lead by Cadet Terry Adivoso who were unable to join the U.S. Army Forces Far East (USAFFE) because they were too young, came together and began recruiting other cadets and willing fighters.

Originally numbering about 300, the Hunters operated in southern Luzon Island (the large northern island of the Philippines) and especially around Manila, the country’s capitol. In one early action, they raided the Japanese occupied Union College and absconded with over 100 old Enfield rifles.

By later 1942, the Allied Intelligence Bureau and the U.S. military were in contact with many of the Philippine’s guerrilla groups and helped them, by sending supplies and supplying intelligence.Many of the groups they coordinated with were lead by USAFFE officers or soldiers who had risen up, after evading capture by the Japanese, to lead resistance from the Philippine’s various jungle, mountain, and urban regions. They would lead groups of men both American soldiers and native soldiers or citizens who wished to fight.

In one remarkable mission, U.S. Rangers and Alamo Scouts, along with Filipino guerrillas freed some 500 American and Allied POWs from a camp near Cabanatuan City on Luzon. Of the 133 American soldiers, only two were killed, and only about two dozen injuries were reported among the 250-280 Filipinos who participated. They killed hundreds of Japanese soldiers in the daring raid and rescued men, whom were  soon to be executed, by the Japanese.

American propaganda poster of a Filipino guerrilla

One guerrilla force the Americans worked with closely was the Wa Chi, a group of Chinese-Filipinos (immigrants and decedents) who fought to protect ethnic Chinese from Japanese cruelty. This group numbered about 700 men.

One skill these guerrilla groups had was in developing underground networks. They organized local intelligence gathering, secret radio transmitters, and had informants in the Second Philippine Republic (the Japanese-backed puppet government).

Another guerrilla group and one that worked with far less coordination with U.S. forces was the Hukbalahap. They were a communist group that hoped to spread their message and gain control of the Philippines after the Japanese had been defeated and indeed fought the Philippine government and U.S. forces for years after World War II ended. Their full title was Hukbong Bayan Laban sa mga Hapon or People’s Army Against the Japanese. They started operations with 500 men and grew to over 15,000 by the time the Japanese were defeated.

Various rebel groups in the Visayas, the central islands of the Philippines, worked with varying degrees of coordination with U.S. forces. One group, the Black Army, lead by Ruperto Kangleon played a crucial role in supporting U.S. operations, especially MacArthur’s invasion of Leyte island and the surrounding area.

The Fighting Filipinos: Give me ten thousand Filipinos and I shall conquer the world! – MacArthur .cantembedplus {
} &amp;amp;amp;lt;img src=”https://sb.scorecardresearch.com/p?c1=2&amp;amp;amp;amp;c2=21157611&amp;amp;amp;amp;cv=2.0&amp;amp;amp;amp;cj=1&#8243; /&amp;amp;amp;gt; &amp;amp;amp;lt;img height=”1″ width=”1″ style=”display:none” src=”https://www.facebook.com/tr?id=808569529203838&amp;amp;amp;amp;ev=PageView&amp;amp;amp;amp;noscript=1&#8243; /&amp;amp;amp;gt;<!– [if lt IE 9]>https://html5shim.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js<![endif]–>

Captain Nieves Fernandez discussing with an American soldier how she kills Japanese soldiers with her bolo

One captain in the Black Army on Leyte was Captain Nieves Fernandez, the only female guerrilla commander in the Philippines. Once a schoolteacher, Fernandez now commanded 110 men. She specialized in improvised weaponry and even used a homemade shotgun. She was also a superb marksman and killed over 200 Japanese soldiers. The Japanese, in turn, put a 10,000 Peso price on  her head.

in the Southern Philippines, mostly on the large island of Mindanao, the Moro population, the Muslim minority of the archipelago (the majority religion in Mindanao, though most of the rest of the Philippines in Catholic) who had been fighting an ongoing war with the Philippine government and the U.S. were also fighting hard against the Japanese. Their guerrilla groups were often very success, but also quite ruthless. One group, made up oaf some 20,000 Muslims and Christians, was called the Moro-Bolo. Their flag depicted a bolo, a traditional knife of the Philippines, and a kris, a fabled fashion of sword popular over the centuries with Muslims, in the Philippines and Indonesia.

Another Moro guerrilla group lead by Datu Busran Kalaw was approached by the Japanese who sought to play on their oriental ties to gain solidarity from them. In response, Kalaw constantly attacked the Japanese, who sent a large force to crush the stubborn Moros. None of those Japanese soldiers survived.

“Give me ten thousand Filipinos and I shall conquer the world!” said MacArthur (source: wikipedia.org), so taken was he by the resilience and strength of the native guerrilla forces against the Japanese. The U.S. officially recognized 277 guerrilla units and 260,715 individual fighters, mostly those associated with the Philippine Commonwealth. In reality, there were probably well over one million guerrillas resisting the Japanese. Many groups would fight for decades after the war to gain recognition from the U.S. and the veteran’s benefits that came with it.

American officers who led guerrilla forces in the Philippines used what they learned from Filipino fighters in the formation of the U.S. Special Forces, in the post-war period.

By Colin Fraser for War History Online


Jeff Hulvey

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Our people must come first, our seniors, our children, our women, our Veterans.
We don’t need or want these jihadists here !!!!

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Hello Readers! The new title of Book 3 of the trilogy is no longer Unwritten Laws, but “Mississippi Blood.” I can’t give you the release date yet, despite receiving literally thousands of emails about it. I am working hard to finish the novel right now, and I will update you about its release as soon as I know. What I can tell you is that “Mississippi Blood” will at long last answer every question that arose in “Natchez Burning” and “The Bone Tree.” So… stop thinking “Unwritten Laws” and start thinking “Mississippi Blood!”















Cindy Wisner
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Dennis B. Bass

Dennis B. Bass I LOVE Your work. Being from Natchez I’m So very Proud of You. Love the new title of the new book. Can’t wait for release date. Being a victim of exstreme volice and survoir of three brutal assaults. Your ” Blood Memory” chilled me to the bones. Its still to this day my all time favorite. Love all your work.


Vickie Gould

Vickie Gould I love ALL your work and I am sure “Mississippi Blood” will be worth the wait. I flew through Natchez Burning and The Bone Tree my attempts to make them last were impossible. Thank you for becoming the writer you are and sharing your work with all of us.


Anna Rives

Anna Rives I have signed copies of the first two and am hoping to get a signed copy of “Mississippi Blood”! Looking forward to reading it!


2 Replies
Jeff Blum

Jeff Blum Thank you for this update and please give us future updates on “Mississippi Blood”. You are my favorite author. After finishing Natchez Burning and The Bone Tree, I am now reading all of the other Penn Cage books, but I really cannot wait for the new book! Hope it comes out soon! Any word on who would do the audiobook? All of your readers were good, but especially Dick Hill


Susan Hoffman Spinelli

Susan Hoffman Spinelli I was just telling my husband yesterday that I have not enjoyed a book since I was spoiled by Natchez Burning and The Bone Tree! I’ll change the note tacked on my bulletin board right away to read Mississippi Blood! Can’t wait! Hope you are well.


Isobel Brown

Isobel Brown Thank You for the updated Title and I loved Natchez Burning and The Bone Tree so looking forward to Mississippi Blood


Tracia Brunk Pierce

Tracia Brunk Pierce I haven’t read the first two yet, so now they are ordered and on their way to me. I’ve been reading you for years. Hubby’s from Mississippi, so I’m sure as soon as he reads the first one he’ll be hooked on you too. Thx for the update!


Jude Norton

Jude Norton Thank you . I can’t wait. I have read every book you have written and anxiously await Mississippi Blood.


Denise Bander Severance

Denise Bander Severance You should have never killed off Caitlin . I could not finish the book I was so upset.. so today here I sit and see your new book will be coming out and I go get my book the bone tree and finish the last couple chapters.. hoping that Caitlin masters returns. That she really did not die..


4 Replies
Lindsay Wilson

Lindsay Wilson I cannot wait! I have been anxiously awaiting for the third book in the trilogy. But I have to say, there hasn’t been one book you have written that I did not love. I also like that in a few of them you have written from a woman’s point-of-view which was mighty damn good!


Charmaine Lyon
Charmaine Lyon Thankyou for the update !
Since there is no release date I might have to have a re-read before “Mississippi blood” comes out and as I’m in Australia I’ll have to wait longer than everyone else frown emoticon


3 Replies
Barbara Blythe Mansfield

Barbara Blythe Mansfield I am so excited to read your new book. You are one on my favorite writers! As a southerner (Tenn) feel myself getting lost in your books because they feel like home. Not the crime ( well some of the crime) but the way you write and the places they are set. Fabulous!!!


Diane Newman Schmidt

Diane Newman Schmidt I’ve finished “Natchez Burning”. Half way through ” The Bone Tree”. I can’t wait for “Mississippi Blood”.


Joy Blake

Joy Blake I just finished The Bone Tree and I can’t wait for Mississippi Blood. Glad to hear my questions will be answered!!


Paula Tribble

Paula Tribble Can’t wait! When I saw “The Bone Tree” out in paperback I felt sure the third book would be out soon.


Kristi Bauman Biddle

Kristi Bauman Biddle Your killing me – lol. I just read Natchez Burning, the first book by you I’ve read and I can’t believe after nearly 800 pages all my questions aren’t answered. So glad the wait is more than likely going to be months and not years. I will just have to try and make The Bone Tree last as long as possible. Sigh………. also, your website still has the title of the 6th Penn book as Unwritten Laws btw.


Patricia Pickett

Patricia Pickett I was born in McComb, Mississippi and have truly enjoyed reading your books!! You have a fan for life!!


Jeanna Songer

Jeanna Songer Thanks for the update! Have been anxiously awaiting the third book release. I flew through Natchez Burning and The Bone Tree as well.


Sandra Sells

Sandra Sells Just finished The Bone Tree and now can’t wait for the final, Mississippi Blood. I can hardly put your books down once I start reading them. Just wondering if the LA State Police problem was based on any truthful history?


Rick Bryenton

Rick Bryenton I hope you don’t mind Greg , I have Natchez Burning & The Bone Tree next to Harper Lee’s book Go set a Watchman on my bookshelf! They are all stories about the south!


Denise Rivera

Denise Rivera Well, hurry up, I haven’t read Natchez Burning or The Bone Tree yet, as I want to have an epic read, and read them all, start to finish!


Betsy Wagner

Betsy Wagner Thank you for writing this. Your second book in this series The Burning Tree will always mean a lot to me.I was in a serious car accident and was hospitalized for three months . I was in intensive care for six days and in a step up program for seven. See More


Debra McLean

Debra McLean Oh I can’t wait – just discovered you last year, and currently reading The Quiet Game – just finished The Turning Angel, and loved it! Started with Natchez Burning and The Bone Tree, so I’m all over the place, but no matter – they are all fabulous!


Kristie Robb

Kristie Robb I am so excited to read it! I absolutely loved Natchez Burning and The Bone Tree. You are an amazing writer! Take your time writing, your books are definitely worth waiting for!


Rita McCollum

Rita McCollum These books are SO DAMN GOOD. I’m almost done with “The Bone Tree”…yer killin’ me here. (but in a good way)


Leslie K. Donahue

Leslie K. Donahue I’m waiting on pins & needles !! thoroughly enjoyed Devil’s Punchbowl, Natchez Burning & the Bone Tree …u r my favorite author smile emoticon


Ruth Webb Different

Ruth Webb Different Anxiously waiting. I love your books. Once I start reading one it is very hard to put it down. I so hope it is released this year


Lynnie Beck

Lynnie Beck Quickly wading through your books and LUV them! Can’t wait! Currently into Sleep No More…does it matter than I am an E-reader? Thanks for the good reads!


Sandra Land

Sandra Land Thank you for the heads up on the new title.looking forward to reading the third novel and am sure it will blow all readers away!


Deanna Taylor Close

Deanna Taylor Close Thank you for the update!!! I am always looking for info on the release date!! My friend has borrowed the 1st two books. I will need to get them back so I can re-read and be fresh!!


Judy Blair Berry

Judy Blair Berry will be waiting for you to let us know the date.. hope I get an autographed copy I got the other 2 now waiting for #3 !!!


Jeffrey Finucci

Jeffrey Finucci I keep looking because I can’t wait to read this the first two were excellent as were all your other work


Lynn Robison DeRosa

Lynn Robison DeRosa I can’t wait to read MISSISSIPPI BLOOD!!


Kate Worden

Kate Worden Jonesing for that next book!!!!:) My hands may fall asleep, as I will have to sit on them! You are my favorite!


Edith Faye Kosloski Butler

Edith Faye Kosloski Butler And I am so waiting for “Mississippi Blood”!!


Thaïs Smitham

Thaïs Smitham I can hardly wait. I will reread the other two first before I read Mississippi Blood.


Rick Fisher

Rick Fisher Looking forward to reading Mississippi Blood. Thank you for sharing your stories with us.


Shelia Thompson Rogillio

Shelia Thompson Rogillio Looking forward to reading Mississippi Blood!


Pearl Atkins

Pearl Atkins Got hooked on your Penn cage series I’m reading everything with him in it really do enjoy your writing glad to hear Mississippi blood will be out soon


Gennie Brooks Malone

Gennie Brooks Malone Just finished The Bone Tree! I can’t wait for Mississippi Blood! I love your work!


Nancy Jacobs

Nancy Jacobs I will add the new title to your Mississippi Writers page today! http://www.mswritersandmusicians.com/mississipp…/greg-iles

Biography, interview, reviews, photos of Mississippi writer mystery writer Greg Iles


Patricia Louise Barnhart

Patricia Louise Barnhart I read Natchez Burning …and am looking to get The Bone Tree now…I’m a true fan…


Carol Salato Myers

Carol Salato Myers “Natchez Burning” was fabulous! I can’t wait for “Mississippi Blood!”


Maggie Covell

Maggie Covell Can’t wait! Loved Natchez Burning and Bone Tree and trying to wait patiently for Mississippi Blood!


Ellen Bigelow Jones

Ellen Bigelow Jones Will it be a big book like the others?..turning angel is my fave of all your books


Carol Burns

Carol Burns So looking forward to the third one..I love all your books..I was hooked after reading 24 hours


Judy Cohen

Judy Cohen You are at the top of my list of authors that I can’t wait for a new book to come out. You can bet as soon as the publication date is released I’ll be ordering it. Write fast please.


Judy Massey Carroll Flores

Judy Massey Carroll Flores Thanks, Greg, for keeping us in suspense😀😀😀. Seriously, can’t wait for the release!! Hope all is well in your world and wishing you and your family a Happy New Year!!!!


Dennis Considine

Dennis Considine I’ve only recently become a major Greg Isles fan — started with the “Quiet Game” last month and moving now to “Turning Angel.” You are an amazing storyteller!


3 Replies
Gaynell Fasano Pool

Gaynell Fasano Pool SO looking forward to to Mississippi Blood!!


Mary Mooney

Mary Mooney I hate you. Don’t finish that book too soon because I’m busy and a slow reader and I don’t have time right now to sit there for hour after hour because I can’t put it down. Take you’re time!


Steve Clemons

Steve Clemons I get chills when I read your books. Just want to say thanks for the adventures.


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Ask Not What Your Country Can Do For You”

John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address, January 20, 1961

We observe today not a victory of party, but a celebration of freedom — symbolizing an end, as well as a beginning — signifying renewal, as well as change. For I have sworn before you and Almighty God the same solemn oath our forebears prescribed nearly a century and three quarters ago.

The world is very different now. For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life. And yet the same revolutionary beliefs for which our forebears fought are still at issue around the globe — the belief that the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state, but from the hand of God.

We dare not forget today that we are the heirs of that first revolution. Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans — born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage — and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this Nation has always been committed, and to which we are committed today at home and around the world.

Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in order to assure the survival and the success of liberty.

This much we pledge — and more.

To those old allies whose cultural and spiritual origins we share, we pledge the loyalty of faithful friends. United, there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided, there is little we can do — for we dare not meet a powerful challenge at odds and split asunder.

To those new States whom we welcome to the ranks of the free, we pledge our word that one form of colonial control shall not have passed away merely to be replaced by a far more iron tyranny. We shall not always expect to find them supporting our view. But we shall always hope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom — and to remember that, in the past, those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside.

To those peoples in the huts and villages across the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery, we pledge our best efforts to help them help themselves, for whatever period is required — not because the Communists may be doing it, not because we seek their votes, but because it is right. If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich.

To our sister republics south of our border, we offer a special pledge — to convert our good words into good deeds — in a new alliance for progress — to assist free men and free governments in casting off the chains of poverty. But this peaceful revolution of hope cannot become the prey of hostile powers. Let all our neighbours know that we shall join with them to oppose aggression or subversion anywhere in the Americas. And let every other power know that this Hemisphere intends to remain the master of its own house.

To that world assembly of sovereign states, the United Nations, our last best hope in an age where the instruments of war have far outpaced the instruments of peace, we renew our pledge of support — to prevent it from becoming merely a forum for invective — to strengthen its shield of the new and the weak — and to enlarge the area in which its writ may run.

Finally, to those nations who would make themselves our adversary, we offer not a pledge but a request: that both sides begin anew the quest for peace, before the dark powers of destruction unleashed by science engulf all humanity in planned or accidental self-destruction.

We dare not tempt them with weakness. For only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed.

But neither can two great and powerful groups of nations take comfort from our present course — both sides overburdened by the cost of modern weapons, both rightly alarmed by the steady spread of the deadly atom, yet both racing to alter that uncertain balance of terror that stays the hand of mankind’s final war.

So let us begin anew — remembering on both sides that civility is not a sign of weakness, and sincerity is always subject to proof. Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate.

Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belabouring those problems which divide us.

Let both sides, for the first time, formulate serious and precise proposals for the inspection and control of arms — and bring the absolute power to destroy other nations under the absolute control of all nations.

Let both sides seek to invoke the wonders of science instead of its terrors. Together let us explore the stars, conquer the deserts, eradicate disease, tap the ocean depths, and encourage the arts and commerce.

Let both sides unite to heed in all corners of the earth the command of Isaiah — to “undo the heavy burdens -. and to let the oppressed go free.”

And if a beachhead of cooperation may push back the jungle of suspicion, let both sides join in creating a new endeavour, not a new balance of power, but a new world of law, where the strong are just and the weak secure and the peace preserved.

All this will not be finished in the first 100 days. Nor will it be finished in the first 1,000 days, nor in the life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet. But let us begin.

In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than in mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course. Since this country was founded, each generation of Americans has been summoned to give testimony to its national loyalty. The graves of young Americans who answered the call to service surround the globe.

Now the trumpet summons us again — not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need; not as a call to battle, though embattled we are — but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out, “rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation” — a struggle against the common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease, and war itself.

Can we forge against these enemies a grand and global alliance, North and South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind? Will you join in that historic effort?

In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility — I welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavour will light our country and all who serve it — and the glow from that fire can truly light the world.

And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.

My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.

Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you. With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God’s work must truly be our own.

The Star Spangled Banner

September 20, 1814
By Francis Scott Key

Oh, say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.
O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, now conceals, now discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam,
In full glory reflected now shines on the stream:
‘Tis the star-spangled banner! O long may it wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has wiped out their foul footstep’s pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Oh! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved homes and the war’s desolation!
Blest with victory and peace, may the heaven-rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation.
Then conquer we must, for our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: “In God is our trust.”
And the star-spangled banner forever shall wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

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The Declaration of Independence

Visit our Declaration of Independence website

In Congress, July 4, 1776
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America

When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. —That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, —That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. —Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount an payment of their salaries.

He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.

He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred. to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. —And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

—John Hancock

New Hampshire:
Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Matthew Thornton

John Hancock, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Robert Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry

Rhode Island:
Stephen Hopkins, William Ellery

Roger Sherman, Samuel Huntington, William Williams, Oliver Wolcott

New York:
William Floyd, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, Lewis Morris

New Jersey:
Richard Stockton, John Witherspoon, Francis Hopkinson, John Hart, Abraham Clark

Robert Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benjamin Franklin, John Morton, George Clymer, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross

Caesar Rodney, George Read, Thomas McKean

Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, Charles Carroll of Carrollton

George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Nelson, Jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton

North Carolina:
William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn

South Carolina:
Edward Rutledge, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Thomas Lynch, Jr., Arthur Middleton

Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, George Walton

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Constitution of the United States

We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

Article I

Section 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Section 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.

No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.

{Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.1Changed by Section 2 of the Fourteenth Amendment

Close} The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment.

Section 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, {chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.2Changed by the Seventeenth Amendment


{Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one third may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies3Changed by the Seventeenth Amendment


No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen.

The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States.

The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present.

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States: but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.

Section 4. The times, places and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing Senators.

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall {be on the first Monday in December,4Changed by Section 2 of the Twentieth Amendment

Close} unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Section 5. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each House may provide.

Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two thirds, expel a member.

Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the members of either House on any question shall, at the desire of one fifth of those present, be entered on the journal.

Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.

Section 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, except treason, felony and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time: and no person holding any office under the United States, shall be a member of either House during his continuance in office.

Section 7. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other Bills.

Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.

Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

Section 8. The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;

To borrow money on the credit of the United States;

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes;

To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States;

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures;

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States;

To establish post offices and post roads;

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries;

To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court;

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations;

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water;

To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years;

To provide and maintain a navy;

To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces;

To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions;

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the states respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;

To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and other needful buildings; — And

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

Section 9. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.

No bill of attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.

{No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.5See Sixteenth Amendment


No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state.

No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another: nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another.

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time.

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.

Section 10. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.

No state shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it’s inspection laws: and the net produce of all duties and imposts, laid by any state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress.

No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.

Article II

Section 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years {6Limited to two terms by the Twenty-Second Amendment

Close}, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows:

Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector.

{The electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such majority, and have an equal number of votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President; and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in like manner choose the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each state having one vote; A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the President, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall choose from them by ballot the Vice President.7Changed by the Twelfth Amendment


The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day shall be the same throughout the United States.

No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age of thirty five years, and been fourteen Years a resident within the United States.

{In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by law provide for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.8Changed by the Twenty-Fifth Amendment


The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services, a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Before he enter on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation: — “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”

Section 2. The President shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment.

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments.

The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session.

Section 3. He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United States.

Section 4. The President, Vice President and all civil officers of the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

Article III

Section 1. The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.

Section 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; — to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls; — to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; — to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; — to controversies between two or more states; — {between a state and citizens of another state9Changed by the Eleventh Amendment

Close}; — between citizens of different states; — between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects.

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have directed.

Section 3. Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.

The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted.

Article IV

Section 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.

Section 2. The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states.

A person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another state, shall on demand of the executive authority of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the crime.

{No person held to service or labor in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due.10Changed by the Thirteenth Amendment


Section 3. New states may be admitted by the Congress into this union; but no new states shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other state; nor any state be formed by the junction of two or more states, or parts of states, without the consent of the legislatures of the states concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any particular state.

Section 4. The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.

Article V

The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate.

Article VI

All debts contracted and engagements entered into, before the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.

This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several state legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States.

Article VII

The ratification of the conventions of nine states, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the states so ratifying the same.

Done in convention by the unanimous consent of the states present the seventeenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven and of the independence of the United States of America the twelfth.

In witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names,

G.o Washington — Presdt. and deputy from Virginia

New Hampshire John Langdon
Nicholas Gilman
Massachusetts Nathaniel Gorham
Rufus King
Connecticut Wm: Saml. Johnson
Roger Sherman
New York Alexander Hamilton
New Jersey Wil: Livingston
David Brearley
Wm. Paterson
Jona: Dayton
Pennsylvania B Franklin
Thomas Mifflin
Robt Morris
Geo. Clymer
Thos. FitzSimons
Jared Ingersoll
James Wilson
Gouv Morris
Delaware Geo: Read
Gunning Bedford jun
John Dickinson
Richard Bassett
Jaco: Broom
Maryland James McHenry
Dan of St. Thos. Jenifer
Danl Carroll
Virginia John Blair–
James Madison Jr.
North Carolina Wm. Blount
Richd. Dobbs Spaight
Hu Williamson
South Carolina J. Rutledge
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
Charles Pinckney
Pierce Butler
Georgia William Few
Abr Baldwin

Attest William Jackson Secretary

Bill of Rights

Amendment 1 Freedoms, Petitions, Assembly
Amendment 2 Right to bear arms
Amendment 3 Quartering of soldiers
Amendment 4 Search and arrest
Amendment 5 Rights in criminal cases
Amendment 6 Right to a fair trial
Amendment 7 Rights in civil cases
Amendment 8 Bail, fines, punishment
Amendment 9 Rights retained by the People
Amendment 10 States’ rights

Later Amendments

Amendment 11 Lawsuits against states
Amendment 12 Presidential elections
Amendment 13 Abolition of slavery
Amendment 14 Civil rights
Amendment 15 Black suffrage
Amendment 16 Income taxes
Amendment 17 Senatorial elections
Amendment 18 Prohibition of liquor
Amendment 19 Women’s suffrage
Amendment 20 Terms of office
Amendment 21 Repeal of Prohibition
Amendment 22 Term Limits for the Presidency
Amendment 23 Washington, D.C., suffrage
Amendment 24 Abolition of poll taxes
Amendment 25 Presidential succession
Amendment 26 18-year-old suffrage
Amendment 27 Congressional pay raises

Original Ten Amendments: The Bill of Rights

Passed by Congress September 25, 1789.
Ratified December 15, 1791.

Amendment I

Freedoms, Petitions, Assembly

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Amendment II

Right to bear arms

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Amendment III

Quartering of soldiers

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Amendment IV

Search and arrest

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Amendment V

Rights in criminal cases

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Amendment VI

Right to a fair trial

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed; which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence.

Amendment VII

Rights in civil cases

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Amendment VIII

Bail, fines, punishment

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Amendment IX

Rights retained by the People

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Amendment X

States’ rights

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

Later Amendments

Amendment 11

Lawsuits against states

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.

February 7, 1795.

Amendment 12

Presidential elections

The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;–The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;–The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. [And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.]* The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.

June 15, 1804.
Superseded by Section 3 of the Twentieth Amendment.

Amendment 13

Abolition of slavery

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce these article by appropriate legislation.

December 6, 1865.

Amendment 14

Civil rights

Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

July 9, 1868.

Amendment 15

Black suffrage

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

February 3, 1870.

Amendment 16

Income taxes

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.

February 3, 1913.

Amendment 17

Senatorial elections

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature.

When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.

This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.

April 8, 1913.

Amendment 18

Prohibition of liquor

Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article, the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.

Section 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

January 16, 1919. Repealed by the Twenty-First, December 5, 1933.

Amendment 19

Women’s suffrage

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any States on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

August 18, 1920.

Amendment 20

Terms of office

Section 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

Section 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

Section 3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.

Section 4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

Section 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.

Section 6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.

January 23, 1933.

Amendment 21

Repeal of Prohibition

Section 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.

Section 2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.

Section 3. The article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

December 5, 1933.

Amendment 22

Term Limits for the Presidency

Section 1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this Article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.

Section 2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.

February 27, 1951.

Amendment 23

Washington, D.C., suffrage

Section 1. The District constituting the seat of government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct:

A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a state, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

March 29, 1961.

Amendment 24

Abolition of poll taxes

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

January 23, 1964.

Amendment 25

Presidential succession

Section 1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

Section 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Section 3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

Section 4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

February 10, 1967.

Amendment 26

18-year-old suffrage

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

June 30, 1971.

Amendment 27

Congressional pay raises

No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

May 7, 1992. (Note: Congress submitted the text of this amendment as part of the proposed Bill of Rights on September 27, 1789. The Amendment was not ratified together with the first ten Amendments.)

Democrats and Republicans alike should listen to this.
What say you Sheriff Ozzie Knezovich, are you the sheriff of the people or the sheriff of the Federal Government? Tim Carson, Nolan Roe, Chris Moseley, Chris Day, Ralph Roe, Jonathan Jones,Greg Lund, Suzanne Price,Lee Ace Largent, Heather Scott,Cope Reynolds, Maria Bosworth, Anthony P Bosworth,Ian Gwynne,and too many to list. I pray that all patriots listen to this because he is so right!


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Greg Lund

Greg Lund time for war if you ask me

Cope Reynolds replied · 24 Replies
  • Faith, you give me great inspiration

Cindy Wisner i can’t understand folks either

Stop this Federal invasion of “OUR LANDS”

Patrick Van Hoesen's photo.

Patrick Van Hoesen to Anna von Reitz

13 hrs ·

Thought you should be aware of the impending situation happening here in southern Colorado Anna. We have the proposal to expand the Rio Grande Del Norte National Monument up from New Mexico into Colorado, in costilla and conejos counties.
We also have the BLM stealing peoples private property and holding it for ransom. The first pic is of a public meeting tomorrow night to discuss the proposed expansion. The second pic is of a “BLM notice” to be tyrannical. The BLM notice is dated a year ago but just showed up at our local post office yesterday.

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Mark Harris

Mark Harris This is happening all over. Declaring public land “monuments” cutting off acess and land owners that get thrown in within the new boundries.

Cindy Wisner
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Speaking on history and deception that has caused Americans to believe right is wrong and wrong is right tonight. I apologize for reading so much of the speech, but I barely had time to write it as we spent most of the day bringing my latest granddaughter into this world! I hope she will grow up in a free America!

Here is the text. I got off of it a little like I always do:

The LaVoy Finicum shooting and the US Constitution.

As you all know the founding fathers drew heavily upon the writings of John Locke and the Holy Scriptures.

Today I’d like to discuss the deception that has led to a government that dares to attempt to justify the brutal slaying of LaVoy Finicum under the color of law.

Thomas Jefferson said:

“The greatest danger to American freedom is a government that ignores the Constitution.”

This fact is the very reason men like Cliven Bundy, Ammon Bundy, LaVoy Finicum and many others chose to put their lives and liberty on the line. This is why LaVoy, Ryan, Victoria, and Shauna found themselves exposed to a hail of bullets in a pickup truck filled with laptops and projectors on their way to educate more Americans regarding this danger.

Edmund Burke, in 1784 said:

“The people never give up their liberties but under some delusion.”

It was this delusion that drove these men and women to action. And this delusion that took the life of a fine American Father, leader, and husband.

The founding fathers warned us that a government with no restraints will lead us into slavery.

During Virginia’s convention to ratify the constitution the co-author of the 2nd amendment, George Mason asked:

“What is the militia? It is the whole people. To disarm the people is the best and most effectual way to enslave them.”

Even Alexander Hamilton, a radical proponent of a strong federal government concurred in the Federalist papers when he wrote:

“The best we can hope for concerning the people at large is that they be properly armed.”

George Washington, a strong believer in keeping order didn’t even dare consider disarming the people even has he took on the whiskey rebellion. But rather said:

“Firearms stand next in importance to the constitution itself. They are the American people’s liberty teeth and keystone under independence . from the hour the Pilgrims landed to the present day, events, occurrences and tendencies prove that to ensure peace security and happiness, the rifle and pistol are equally indispensable . the very atmosphere of firearms anywhere restrains evil interference – they deserve a place of honor with all that’s good.”

While Jefferson was not a fan of rebellion, in answer to Madison’s strong opposition to it he wrote:

What country can preserve its liberties if their rulers are not warned from time to time that their people preserve the spirit of resistance. Let them take arms.”

Going back further into the biblical influence on the Constitution the founders were keenly aware that a disarmed population was the sign of an enslaved people:

1 Samuel 13:19-20 reports that while the Israelites were conquered by the Philistines:

Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make themselves swords or spears.” But every one of the Israelites went down to the Philistines to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, or his sickle,

On the other hand, a freed nation under Nehemiah understood the need for men to be armed against those who may do them harm:

Nehemiah 4:17-18, regarding those rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem tells us:

Those who carried burdens were loaded in such a way that each labored on the work with one hand and held his weapon with the other. And each of the builders had his sword strapped at his side while he built.

During the time of Esther, an irrevocable decree by King Xerxes was put into law to take place a few thousand years ago this week, on March 7. The decree would have allowed complete destruction of the conquered, and disarmed Jews. Esther convinced Xerxes of the error of his proclamation and he used the “power of the pen” to fix a bad law.

The king’s decree gave the Jews in every city authority to unite to defend their lives. They were allowed to kill, slaughter, and annihilate anyone of any nationality or province who might attack them or their children and wives, and to take the property of their enemies.

When the LEGALLY ordered attack came, the Jews were able to defend themselves legally and killed over 75,000 who would have wiped them from the face of the earth otherwise. This victory is still celebrated in the feast of Purim.

The founders were educated and well aware of the need for Americans to arm themselves against those who wished to do them harm.

Why have I prefaced this with the founders background on firearms? Because the deception of the American people regarding our history the key to the government’s accusations against our patriots and their stated defense of the senseless murder of LaVoy Finicum.

The prior quotes leave no doubt as to how the founders felt about firearms and our ability to not only carry them, but use them to defend ourselves, even when that defense is against an unlawful government.

The Media and the left have created a false sense of fear that is the opposite of reality. An armed society of good Americans is our best and most reliable defense against evil intents. They have painted a picture in the minds of Americans that a heavily armed government is necessary for our defense. In the process they have allowed our government to overstep the constitutional bounds set by our founders.

This false sense of fear has caused a good portion of America to believe that protesters who happen to be armed are a danger or a threat.

This false sense of fear has allowed the worst among us to plot ways to disarm Americans so that the desires of a few can be carried out with the help of the very law enforcement officers sworn to protect us FROM those few.

Many years ago, a truly dangerous couple, Bonnie and Clyde, were fired upon and killed in a similar ambush. Bonnie and Clyde had just murdered two police officers in cold blood and were armed and ready to do the same to any who stood in their way. But even then, the flames of liberty were still strong enough for many to question the lawfulness of an ambush that provided little to no opportunity to surrender.

Look how far we have come since then.

Today we see many cases of unarmed individuals, or suspects of minor crimes who have no immediate means or opportunity to inflict harm to others or law enforcement being shot down many times with two or more times the firepower used to take down Bonnie and Clyde.

Just days before LaVoy was killed, Sheriff Ward, when asked why action wasn’t taken upon the protesters, stated that “All they had done so far was trespass”. Yet in a matter of days, at the prodding of evil and deceptive politicians, environmentalists, and media, felony charges were trumped up using 100 year old laws from an entirely different context. All this to justify imprisoning and killing protesters who were doing nothing more than occupying a space that would have otherwise been little used during the season.

Digging deeper we can easily find the real reason behind this deception and escalation. When we have state and federal level elected officials calling the attempt to educate citizens on their constitutional rights a “virus”. We know we are in trouble.

These patriots had to be arrested. Lavoy had to be killed, These men and women stood in the way of plans that had to be kept in the dark. The “virus” was the truth, and it had to be stopped. Even if doing so meant violating constitutional rights and leaving a family fatherless.

Early in our history it was considered acceptable to use any means necessary to stop one accused of a felony. There was a reason for that. In those days a felony meant a horrendous crime had been committed, similar to those committed by Bonnie and Clyde. Today making a U-turn on an interstate can be a felony. Selling milk from your own cow or selling seafood packaged the wrong way can be a felony. And if our patriots fall victim to an every deteriorating justice system, legally carrying a firearm while making the statement that you will defend yourself if attacked, may very well become a felony and set another freedom killing precedent in the courts.

The Supreme court decision in Tennessee vs Garner took into consideration the the need to weigh the rights under our constitution and the need for deadly force. That decision alone is enough to eliminate the legality of killing LaVoy and firing upon the occupants of the vehicle without giving them ample opportunity to surrender.

We are a nation with the God given freedom to bear arms and the freedom to not only protect ourselves, but to declare such under free speech.

We are a nation where we are innocent until proven guilty.

We are a nation where courts are set up to judge guilt. We are not a nation where guilt is to be decided along a desolate roadway and punishment inflicted in the ditch.

I hope and pray that IF our courts have gone so far that those rights are no longer sacred, that at least a leader, whether they be a God fearing leader or otherwise like Xerxes, will have the courage to either fix the problem quickly, or use the power of the pen to allow us to fix the problem ourselves as the Jews were allowed in the time of Esther.

I leave this warning to those in politics, and law enforcement who choose deception over truth:

Proverbs 10:9

Whoever walks in integrity walks securely, but he who makes his ways crooked will be found out.

I leave this for the media:

Proverbs 24:28

Be not a witness against your neighbor without cause, and do not deceive with your lips.

And this warning to those involved in the courts of our nation:

Deuteronomy 16:19

You shall not pervert justice. You shall not show partiality, and you shall not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and subverts the cause of the righteous.

I will close with this quote that describe the actions of LaVoy Finicum. Actions that Law Enforcement, with their advanced spying and intelligence were well aware of before they set up the ambush near Burns:

John 15:13

Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends.

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Gail Lansing

Gail Lansing Excellent Mike Ladines, thank you.

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Cindy Wisner
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U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch was scheduled to appear at a Portland Police gang task force meeting,…















David Tuche

David Tuche She is no leader only a personal friend of the president who was given a favor to be a figure head, nothing more.

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Mike Ladines

Mike Ladines Exactly right, and another corrupt one at that

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Tara Ross's photo.

Tara RossLike Page

On this day in 1836, the Battle of the Alamo is fought. Despite a valiant defense by the Texans (then called Texians), the Mexican Army is victorious.

Okay, so I already discussed the long siege and battle on Monday (see February 29 history post). But can you ever really say too much about Texas?! Ha. wink emoticon So, in that spirit, here are some random facts that you may not know about the Alamo.

When Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna arrived at the Alamo, he sent a courier with a demand that the Texians surrender. Do you want to take one wild guess as to how the Texians responded? They responded with a cannonball! The Texas spirit was born early, wasn’t it?! wink emoticon

Three famous figures were killed at the Battle of the Alamo: William B. Travis, Jim Bowie, and Davy Crockett. Travis was defending the north wall of the Alamo when he was killed, early in the battle, by a shot to the head. Bowie probably died in the Low Barrack. He was ill and confined to bed when the battle started. Crockett’s death is more of a mystery. He either died during battle or he was executed by Santa Anna afterwards.

The number of Texians who died defending the Alamo is also a bit of an unknown quantity: Depending on whose figures you believe, that number is as low as 150 or as high as 250. The youngest of these Texians was 16 and the oldest was 56.

Imagine that! No more than 250 Texians, defiantly refusing to give up the Alamo to the much larger Mexican force (as many as 1,800 soldiers) sitting just outside the Alamo’s walls. BRAVE. DETERMINED. And they inflicted heavy casualties on the Mexican force, although historians dispute the actual number of killed and injured among Santa Anna’s men.

Maybe one of the bravest acts at the Alamo? During the course of the siege, 32 men snuck past the Mexican lines and joined their fellow Texians inside the Alamo. They had to know that they were volunteering to go to their death. Yet they joined the Battle anyway.

Those men truly meant the words written by Travis during that 2-week siege: VICTORY OR DEATH!

P.S. The painting is of the death of Jim Bowie. It’s depicted as the artist imagines it, of course, since no one knows for sure how he died that day.

If you enjoyed this post, please don’t forget to “like” and SHARE. Our schools and media don’t always teach our own history! Let’s do it ourselves.

Gentle reminder: History posts are copyright © 2013-2016 by Tara Ross. I appreciate it when you use the Facebook “share” feature instead of cutting/pasting.

‪#‎TDIH‬ ‪#‎OTD‬ ‪#‎Americanhistory‬ ‪#‎USHistory‬ ‪#‎liberty‬ ‪#‎freedom‬ ‪#‎ShareTheHistory


This and NO OTHER is the root from which a TYRANT springs; When he first appears, he is a PROTECTOR ~ Plato

“They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.” ”Those Who Sacrifice Liberty For Security Deserve Neither.” ~ Ben Franklin


RIP Marine!!

First Lt. John Keith Wells, the Marine commander responsible for raising the first flag atop Mt. Suribachi, died on February 11, just days shy of the 76th anniversary of his time on Iwo Jima.
 Del Loy added 5 new photos — with Renae Loy.













Dysfunctional Veterans's photo.

Del Loy added 5 new photos — with Renae Loy.
November 6 at 2:37pm · Natchez, MS ·

The Mayflower II. An exact replica of the original. Built in England and sailed to Plymouth, MA. in 1957. The original Mayflower was built to carry 50 passengers, but actually brought 102 passengers and 30 crew to the New World in 1620.

Kieren Van Den Blink's photo.

Kieren Van Den Blink with Trey Wilson and 9 others in Gluckstadt, Mississippi.

My Great Uncle John came to America in 1917 and he became the Mayor of Natchez, Mississippi years later. A fighter for equal rights. A lover of human beings. A brilliant entrepreneur. A Lebanese man. My Great Uncle. I am proud, proud to be his family. (Taken from the pages of LIFE Magazine 1967.)


Gary Sinise's photo.

Gary SiniseLike Page

Here a few years back, with US sailors as Arizona memorial at ‪#‎PearlHarbor‬ rests in background. Of the more than 2,400 killed in the attack 74 years ago today, 1,177 sailors and Marine died aboard the Arizona. God bless all who gave their lives that day. http://www.whosay.com/l/OirbiXj



Del Loy's photo.

Del Loy

Was under the Hill today. Looks a lot different than it used to.


Betty White's photo.



(Vicksburg, Miss.) – On Thursday, November 5, the Civil War Trust will join with other conservation leaders near Vicksburg National Military Park (NMP) to announce…

iles-interiorOn Thursday, December 10, Natchez native and bestselling author Greg Iles will speak at the seventh annual Statehood Day program at the Old Capitol.

“His fellow Mississippians have watched with pride as Greg Iles’s literary career has developed,” said Old Capitol Museum director Lauren Miller. “We are excited to have this opportunity now to hear him speak.”

Iles was born in 1960 in  Germany, where his father, a physician, ran the United States Embassy medical clinic. He graduated from the University of Mississippi in 1983, and a decade later published his first novel Spandau Phoenix, which went on to become the first of his thirteen New York Times bestsellers. His books have been adapted into feature films and are published in more than thirty-five countries worldwide. Iles is currently at work on a trilogy that began with Natchez Burning, about an unsolved civil rights-era crime in his hometown.

“I am looking forward to speaking at Statehood Day,” said Iles. “Like the rest of America, Mississippi stands at a critical juncture between past and future, particularly as regards race.  We are so often the whipping boy for the nation on that subject, but Mississippians of both races have unique insights into that problem, and there are many signs of hope in this state.”

The Mississippi Territory was organized in 1798 and included both modern-day Mississippi and Alabama. On December 10, 1817, President James Monroe signed the resolution admitting Mississippi into the Union as the twentieth state.

Previous Statehood Day speakers include former governors William Winter and Haley Barbour, former lieutenant governor Amy Tuck, former Mississippi Supreme Court judge James Graves, Lieutenant Governor Tate Reeves, and Speaker of the House Philip Gunn.

Statehood Day will begin at noon in the historic House of Representatives chamber. A reception will follow on the first floor. The Old Capitol, Jackson’s oldest building, is located at 100 South State Street. For more information call 601-576-6920 or email info@oldcapitolmuseum.com.


The video we’ve exclusively obtained shows the life story of Ted Cruz. It comes out of one of the Cruz Super PACs and was leaked to us exclusively.


Marion Smith, a descendant of the Kaiser family, records a Natchez History Minute about the burning of Homewood on this day, January 2, 1940.
National Park Service

Natchez Rebels’s photo.

‎Natchez Rebels‎ to Natchez MS History
December 28, 2015 at 8:46pm ·

The Peanut Man of Natchez …



Ethel Truly presents a Natchez History Minute about her ancestor, Frederick Stanton, who died on this day, January 4, 1858.

Natchez Rebels's photo.

Natchez Rebels to Natchez MS History

The Peanut Man of Natchez …

 World Famous Under the Hill Saloon of Natchez, Ms.
'The World Famous Under the Hill Saloon of Natchez, Ms.'


Cowboys Last Ride on February 6

Turkish Cotton Towel SALE  

Adam Ogden commented on this.
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Girls life's photo.

Girls lifeLike Page


Math Test

You’ve been chosen to participate in an official presidential poll for the Republican Nomination. The deadline for all submissions is Monday, February 8th, 2016.

Click here to cast your vote: http://tinyurl.com/zawocwl

*If you are not planning to vote in the 2016 Republican Presidential nomination contest, please ignore this poll.

I did not know this!

Ron Paul Revolution Is Now's photo.

Ron Paul Revolution Is Now with Peter J O Aruwa.Like Page

You can’t have a revolution without youth.

Franklin Graham's photo.
Franklin Graham's photo.
Franklin Graham's photo.
Franklin Graham's photo.

Franklin Graham added 4 new photos.Like Page

Wow—even though it was 18 degrees outside, a great crowd braved the New Hampshire cold to join me at the State House Capitol steps to pray for our nation! It was great! People go to football games and sit in the cold for hours to watch a game–I’m thankful for those who were willing to come out despite the weather and take a stand! This was stop #4 of 50 state capitals on the Decision America Tour.

In 1786 John Langdon, founding father and an early New Hampshire governor, proclaimed a day of public fasting and prayer. He prayed, “That the citizens of this state may, with one heart and voice, penitently confess their manifold sins and transgressions…” That’s what we did today, and that’s what we need to do across this nation. We need to turn to God and take a stand for His truths. The politicians need to know that Christians are no longer going to sit idly by—we’re going to let our voices be heard.

‪#‎DecisionAmerica‬ Tour ‪#‎PrayforAmeric

 American Patriotic History's photo.



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